Symptoms of sleep disorders in adults

Table 1. Age-adjusted prevalence a and adjusted prevalence ratio b of sleep disorder symptoms among adults in 8 states c and the District of Columbia, 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Characteristic number of respondents Trouble falling asleep or staying asleep Involuntary falling asleep
unweighted, n Prevalence (95% CI)a Prevalence ratio (95% CI)b Prevalence (95% CI)a Prevalence ratio (95% CI)b
Raw percentage 59.108 49.1 (48.4–49.8) N / A 24.0 (23.4-24.5) N / A
Age Adjusted Percentage 59.108 49.5 (48.8-50.2) 23.1 (22.5–23.7)
Male 27,657 43.8 (42.8–44.8) 0.80 (0.78-0.83) 23.0 (22.2–23.8) 1.05 (0.99-1.10)
Feminine 31,451 55.3 (54.3–56.3) 1.0 [Reference] 23.4 (22.5–24.2) 1.0 [Reference]
age group, j
18-44 16,150 52.0 (50.8–53.1) 1.0 [Reference] 21:2 (20:2–22:1) 1.0 [Reference]
45-64 21,861 50.4 (49.3–51.4) 0.94 (0.91-0.98) 21:3 (20:4–22:2) 0.98 (0.92-1.05)
≥65 21,097 41.6 (40.5–42.6) 0.76 (0.73-0.80) 33.4 (32.4–34.4) 1.60 (1.49-1.72)
race and ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 48,909 51.2 (50.4–52.0) 1.0 [Reference] 21.1 (20.5-21.7) 1.0 [Reference]
Non-Hispanic Black 3,426 44.6 (41.3–47.8) 0.78 (0.72-0.85) 32.8 (29.9–35.9) 1.40 (1.26–1.56)
Spanish 3,612 41.9 (39.8–44.1) 0.86 (0.81-0.91) 23.8 (22.0–25.6) 1.20 (1.11–1.31)
Other non-Hispanic 3.161 49.6 (46.7–52.4) 0.93 (0.87-1.00) 28.7 (26.2–31.4) 1.36 (1.23–1.51)
marital status
Married or member of an unmarried couple 33,627 47.0 (45.9–48.1) 1.0 [Reference] 20.3 (19.4–21.2) 1.0 [Reference]
Divorced, widowed or separated 15,889 52.1 (48.8–55.4) 1.04 (1.01-1.08) 26.6 (24.1–29.2) 1.19 (1.12-1.26)
Never married 9,592 53.8 (52.0–55.6) 1.21 (1.17-1.26) 27.0 (25.4-28.7) 1.43 (1.33–1.53)
Body mass index (kg/m2)
Underweight or normal weight (<25.0) 19,034 49.7 (48.5–50.9) 1.0 [Reference] 19.8 (18.9–20.8) 1.0 [Reference]
Overweight (25.0–29.9) 21,549 47.0 (45.8-48.3) 0.97 (0.93-1.00) 21.3 (20.4–22.4) 1.02 (0.96-1.09)
Obese (≥30.0) 18,525 52.5 (51.2–53.8) 0.97 (0.94-1.01) 28.4 (27.2–29.5) 1.23 (1.15–1.31)
Selected diseasesg
Yes 31.010 58.3 (57.0–59.5) 1:19 (1:15-1:23) 29.0 (27.9–30.2) 1.40 (1.33–1.48)
no 28,098 43.3 (42.4–44.1) 1.0 [Reference] 18.2 (17.5–18.9) 1.0 [Reference]
High blood pressure
Yes 22,946 57.2 (55.3–59.0) 1.09 (1.06–1.13) 29.2 (27.4–31.0) 1.16 (1.09–1.22)
no 36,037 47.2 (46.4–48.0) 1.0 [Reference] 20.6 (19.9–21.2) 1.0 [Reference]
depression
Yes 11,704 72.2 (70.9–73.5) 1.54 (1.50-1.58) 31.5 (30.2–32.9) 1.35 (1.28–1.43)
no 47,187 43.3 (42.5–44.1) 1.0 [Reference] 20.8 (20.1–21.4) 1.0 [Reference]
Average sleep duration in a 24-hour period, h
<7 18,054 62.1 (60.9–63.3) 1.44 (1.40–1.48) 29.1 (28.0–30.2) 1.39 (1.32–1.46)
7-9 39.012 42.7 (41.8–43.6) 1.0 [Reference] 19.3 (18.6–20.0) 1.0 [Reference]
>9 2,042 50.1 (45.4–54.8) 1.01 (0.92-1.11) 32.1 (28.0–36.5) 1.32 (1.15-1.50)

Abbreviation: NA, omitted.
aAge-adjusted prevalence and 95% CIs were standardized to the projected 2000 US population for all selected characteristics except age group.
bThe adjusted prevalence ratio was determined from multivariate logistic regression models with all covariates in the table.
Eight states are Arizona, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon and Tennessee.
dTrouble falling asleep or staying asleep was defined as a respondent reporting ≥1 day of trouble falling asleep or staying asleep or sleeping too much in the past 14 days.
eInvoluntary onset of sleep was defined as a respondent reporting ≥1 day of unintentional onset of sleep in the past 14 days.
fOther non-Hispanic includes non-Hispanic Native American or Alaskan Native, non-Hispanic Asian, non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic other races, and non-Hispanic mixed race.
gChronic conditions include cardiac disease (coronary artery disease/angina, myocardial infarction/myocardial infarction), stroke, diabetes, arthritis, history of , obstructive pulmonary disease, cancer (excluding skin cancer), and kidney disease.

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