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Selene Valero and José Gil, researchers at the Faculty of Psychology and Speech Therapy at the University of Valencia, have studied changes in sleep behavior and emotional stability in healthy patients, as well as those with previous pathologies before and after the COVID-19 pandemic.
As a result of the epidemic, the mental health of the entire population is affected. The study by Valero and Gil from the Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatments found that 40% of the sample had severe or moderate symptoms of depression. 30% say they have recurring nervousness or worry, typical symptoms of anxiety.
Notable is the increase in hostility and irritability in people with no pre-existing medical conditions (the study’s non-clinical sample), which has impacted interpersonal relationships, where communication is more difficult. In comparison, these people have the fewest sleep problems and are the most satisfied with their lives.
The article, published in the journal Know and Share Psychology, suggests that the sleep quality of the clinical sample (people with some type of illness or disorder) only deteriorated during the pandemic. However, they do not show increased irritability and there is no evidence that they have higher levels of anxiety or depression. The perception of his own life has not deteriorated either, which could be explained by the treatment during the pandemic.
The authors write: “The assessment of these aspects is relevant because they enable us to preventively identify signs of risk in adapting to this highly stressful situation and to prevent the development of a mental disorder or to reduce the severity of the symptoms.”
To arrive at these conclusions, Selene Valero and José Gil asked the 69 people who participated in the study to fill out a form designed to “assess patterns of symptoms in individuals”. This questionnaire, called SCL-90, allows observation of the presence of up to 90 symptoms of various pathologies and mental disorders and can also determine intensity levels. Thanks to this tool, they were able to identify differences between different members of the sample and observe changes over time.
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Selene Valero-Moreno et al., Comparative Study in a Clinical and Non-Clinical Sample: Psychological Consequences of the Crisis, Derived from COVID-19, Know-and-Share Psychology (2021). DOI: 10.25115 / kasp.v2i3.5044 Provided by Asociacion RUVID
Quote: Influence of the pandemic on insomnia, hostility and depression in patients with other medical conditions (2021, December 23), accessed December 23, 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-12-pandemic-insomnia-hostility- depression-patients .html
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